Commercial vehicles – All You Need To Know About Truck Sizes & Classification

Commercial vehicles – All You Need To Know About Truck Sizes & Classification

In the US commercial trucks are categorized into eight different classes that are mainly based on their weight. The weight classifications are normally determined using the maximum operating weight of the truck (using the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, GVWR).
Truck classification does not depend on how good the suspension is, or any other features trucks can have, it is based only on the weight. The class of truck will determine how it is regulated on things like safety and registration.

The eight classes can be grouped more broadly into, light, medium and heavy trucks. In addition to their different weights, the Environmental Protection Agency also has separate categorization for truck emissions. For commercial vehicles that exceed 26,000 pounds, drivers need to possess a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL).

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)

The US Department of Transportation classifies trucks into eight classes by the GVWR. The Gross Vehicle Weight is essentially the maximum possible weight the truck can operate with, including its own weight. So, it can be thought of as the maximum safe operating weight of the vehicle. The GVWR includes the weight of the passengers, its own weight, a full tank of fuel and other cargo.

Light Duty trucks

Light-duty trucks include truck classes 1, 2a and 2b. The GVWR for light-duty trucks range from 0-10,000 pounds.
• Class 1- The lowest class of trucks have a GVWR range 0 to 6,000 lbs or 0 to 2,722 kg.
Examples of truck models in this class include Nissan Frontier, Ford Ranger and Toyota Tacoma.

• Class 2a- Class 2a has a GVWR range from 6,000 to 8,500 lbs or 2,722 to 3,856 kg.
Examples of Class 2 truck models include Nissan Titan, Toyota Tundra and Ram 1500.

• Class 2b – Class 2b vehicles range in GVWR from 8,500 to 10,000 lbs or 3,856 to 4,536 kg.
Examples of Class 2b truck models include Ram 2500.
Class 2b is sometimes classified under ‘light/medium’ as well.

Medium Duty trucks

Medium duty trucks include classes 3-6. The GVWR for this category ranges from 10,000-26,000 lbs.
• Class 3- Class 3 trucks have a GVWR range from 10,000 to 14,000 lbs or 4,536 to 6,350 kg.
• Class 4- The GVWR range for Class 4 ranges from 14,000 to 16,000 lbs or 6,351 to 7,257 kg.
• Class 5- Class 5 trucks have a GVWR range from 16,001 to 19,500 lbs or 7,258 to 8,845 kg.
• Class 6- Trucks under Class 6 have a GVWR rating from 19,500 to 26,000 lbs or 8,846 to 11,793 kg. You need a CDL to operate trucks above 26,000 lbs.

Heavy Duty trucks

Heavy-duty trucks include classes 7 and 8 which exceed a GVWR of 26,000. Drivers need a Commercial Driver’s License to operate these vehicles.
• Class 7- Class 7 trucks have a GVWR rating from 26,000 to 33,000 lbs to 11,794 to 14,969 kg. Class 8- Class 8 trucks have a GVWR that exceeds 33,000 lbs or 14,969 kg.
Single-unit dump trucks exceeding 33,000 lbs and cement trucks are also considered Class 8 trucks.

Contract vehicles – What does it mean?

Contract Vehicles are useful for selling products to regularize the prices. It is used to streamline the selling methods in the country to buy and sell goods and services.

Why do we need contract vehicles?

Contract vehicles is a method employed by the government to gain the best out of products’ buying and selling techniques. The government takes various benefits out of this method:

· Negotiations, terms, conditions, and pricing are usually pre-approved.

· Little competition for the firms who have successfully acquired contracts with the government.

· Ensures better pricing for the customers due to large quantity-based bargaining.

· Small businesses can also take part with bigger vendors and gain expertise and experience. In fact, most of the scheduling has been put together to promote small businesses.

· Financial stability of the firm is ensured by a regularized method of selling products.

· It helps to reduce administrative costs. For instance, if the government does not regularize the sale of a product such as a railway track frames, firstly, the government will have to send the tender invites to all the possible firms in the world. It would have to examine and give extra acquisition costs for its establishment. In the case of contract vehicles, whoever wants to sell their products will be regularized according to the government.

What all comes under it?

The officials that procure contracts for the government may avail services as well as goods. The vendors may be chosen from various verticals as well. Some of them are mentioned below:

· Cloud Computing

· Office Supplies

· Wireless Plans

· Support Staffing

· Hardware

· Maintenance, Operations, Repair

· Mail Delivery Services

Dig a little deeper – Schedules

There are different kind of schedules that products may apply depending on the kind of verticals it belongs. Some of the major ones are listed below:

1. GSA Schedules

These Schedules are useful for various kind of products such as IT, Hardware, any kind of goods. It does not eliminate business and does not guarantee business. You would still be competing with other organizations. Visit the link below to understand GSA Scheduling better:

2. Indefinite Delivery/ Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) Schedule

It is like a fixed time delivery or fixed amount delivery mechanism. The contract is valid until either the fixed time specified gets over or the fixed quantity is reached. All the requirements are met in that stipulated period. You can understand better in the following video link:

3. Government-wide acquisition contract (GWAC) Schedule

It is a pre-compete kind of contract. All the organizations competing are evaluated based on a basic set of conditions and the contract is given to the organization, which performs best according to the performance and social circumstances. You can refer the following video link for further details:

Overall, regularization of buying and selling of products and services with competition reduced to a pool of organizations and ensuring quality products to services is contract vehicles. It is a win-win for the client organizations as well as customers. It is beneficial to the government as well as it helps to curb malicious practices that may take place due to irregular vendors distributing products within the country.